501 Academy Street, Valparaiso, Indiana

My trip to Indiana earlier this month for a family reunion was a great time to meet people, dig into old records, and see many of the places associated with Our Casbon Journey in America. It was the first time I had spent any significant time here since childhood.

The best part was being able to spend time with family and friends, visiting their old haunts, and listening to stories of days gone by. One of the most noteworthy places I saw was the house at 501 Academy Street in Valparaiso. 501 Academy was home to four generations of my Casbon ancestors.

501 Academy St
The house at 501 Academy Street, located at corner of Haas (left) and Academy (right) Streets.
Photo taken August 5, 2017.

The History of Porter County tells us that “in 1892 Mr. and Mrs. Casbon removed from their country estate to Valparaiso, and have since enjoyed the comforts of a pleasant city home on Academy street.”[1] “Mr. and Mrs. Casbon” were my second great-grandfather Sylvester (~1837–1927) and his third wife Mary (Mereness, 1851–1932) Casbon. They had been living at their farm near Deep River in adjacent Lake County for the previous 15+ years. Sylvester was only 55 years old when he retired from farming and moved to “Valpo.” He did not sell his land in Lake County for a number of years, so I suspect he was letting someone else do the work and still getting income from the farm. The house was originally numbered as 21 Academy Street (and later renumbered in the early 1900s), as shown in this 1893 Valparaiso City Directory.[2]

Casbon Sylvester and Lawrence 1893 Valpo Directory
Detail from 1893 Valparaiso directory. (Click on image to enlarge)

I think Sylvester was the original owner of the home, although I don’t know for sure. The plot of land containing the lot, known as Pierce’s Addition, was added to the city plat in 1854.[3] I don’t think any homes were built on the addition for many years. Fire insurance maps of the city don’t show any buildings on the site until 1905, when the present structure can be seen.[4]

1905 Sanborn Fire Ins map Detail of 1905 Sanborn Fire Insurance Map, showing Haas and Academy
Streets. 501 Academy Street is outlined in red. (Click on image to enlarge)

You can see in the 1893 directory that Sylvester’s oldest son, Lawrence, was also living at 21 Academy Street. Lawrence (1865–1950), my great-grandfather, would have been 28 years old in 1893. I believe this portrait of him was taken in about the same time frame.

Casbon Lawrence L b1865 taken abt 1889
Lawrence L Casbon (undated photo)

I have no idea why he was living with his father or what he was doing for a living in 1893. This period of his life is a complete mystery to me. The 1890 U.S. census was lost in a fire, so it is of no help. By January of 1894 he was married to Katherine (“Kate”) Marquart; and somewhere along the line he took up farming in Porter township, in the southern part of the county.[5] So, his time at Academy Street must have been of short duration.

As the patriarch of a fairly large family, Sylvester would likely have used his house for family gatherings. This photo, which I’ve dated to 1905 or 1906, shows such a gathering.

OLD CASBON GROUP labels Is this the  house on 501 Academy Street? Look closely at the detail of the double window casing.
It looks identical to me. The siding is different (more about that in a bit) and the current house no
longer has a front porch. If you look at the fire insurance map, however, you can see that the
original house had a front porch in this location. I’m confident that they are the same house,
with an entryway built out from the original porch. (Click on image to enlarge)

Sylvester was still living in the house when he died in 1927.[6] His widow, Mary, continued to live there until her death in 1932.[7] Mary’s death heralded the arrival of two more generations of Casbons to the house on Academy Street. This article appeared in the April 26, 1932 Vidette-Messenger.[8]

Casbon Leslie move from Chicago to Valpo 1932 Vidette
(Click on image to enlarge]

Leslie Casbon (1894–1990) was my grandfather, the son of Lawrence. You can see him in the previous photograph seated on the ground, second from the left. The article says he would be commuting to work in Chicago. He must not have done so for very long. This was during the depression, and his business (jewelry, radios, musical instruments) was failing. Soon afterwards he gave up on the Chicago business and joined his two brothers in the new Casbon Brothers Electric Company, which was to become a well-known and successful Valparaiso business for another five decades or so.

The two children mentioned in the article were my father Lewis and his brother Don. They grew up in the house on Academy Street. During my visit, they shared their recollections of the house with me.

Both mentioned the fact that wakes or funerals were held in the house. Don remembers the death of his great uncle Ed Lewis, a wealthy businessman from Chicago. He remembers going down the stairs late at night & seeing Ed’s body in the coffin – the first dead person he had ever seen.

Don also remembers when his dad, Leslie, put asbestos shingle siding on the house – that’s right, asbestos! It was a popular material in home construction in those days. They would cut it to size and then attach it to the house. According to Don, this kind of asbestos wasn’t believed to be harmful. From what I’ve read, that’s true, unless the shingles are damaged (or cut!). Look closely at the picture of the house as it is today. Those asbestos shingles are still there – just painted yellow!

Lewis and Don walked to school, a block west and four blocks south of the house. The alley behind the house was a popular thoroughfare and probably the starting point for many adventures.

Dad remembers a time when a neighbor called his mother while she was working at the draft board, and told her,  “I just saw the back end of a jack ass in your front door. ” Don and his friend were bringing a pony into the house! He also recalls that his father dug a basement beneath the house and eventually installed a furnace there. At one point he had to crawl into the basement through a window to tend the furnace, because the house was quarantined due to scarlet fever.

My dad’s best friend was Jim (“Jimmy”) Brown, whose dad ran a grocery store on the first floor of their house, about four doors down the street on Academy. Dad & Jimmy have remained good friends for their entire lives. During our visit, we were able to surprise Jimmy on his birthday and share good memories of past times.

Jim Brown & Dad Aug 2017
Jim Brown (left) & Lewis Casbon (right), Valparaiso, August 2017.

My grandparents sold the house in the early 1940s, probably in the early years of the war. It had been in the family nearly fifty years. There must be many more stories, yet untold. I’m glad the house is still standing, a silent witness to the family’s history.

[1] History of Porter County, Indiana : a narrative account of its historical progress, its people and its principal interests (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1912), vol. 2, p. 484; online image, Hathi Trust Digital Library (https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89067919191;view=1up;seq=139;size=175 : accessed 14 August 2017).
[2] Valparaiso Porter County, Ind. City Directory 1893 (Chicago: Kraft & Radcliffe, 1893), unnumbered p. 59 of 130; PDF image, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/stream/valparaisoindian1893polk#page/n57/mode/2up : accessed 9 Aug 2017).
[3] History of Porter County,” vol. 1, p. 195; Hathi Trust Digital Library (https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89067919183;view=1up;seq=229 : accessed 14 August 2017).
[4] Insurance Maps of Valparaiso Indiana (New York: Sanborn Map Company, 1905), p. 17; PDF image, “Maps,” Porter County Indiana (http://www.inportercounty.org/maps.html : accessed 14 August 2014) >Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps >Valparaiso >1905.
[5] “Indiana Marriages, 1811-2007”, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KDHQ-H68 : accessed 10 March 2017), Lawrence L. Casbon & Kate E. Marquart, 31 Jan 1894; citing County Clerk, Porter, Indiana.
[6] “Death Calls S.V. Casbon; Reached 90,” The(Valparaiso, Indiana) Vidette Messenger, 10 Dec 1927, p. 1, col. 1, online image, Newspaper Archive (accessed through participating libraries: 16 June 2016).
[7] “Death Claims Mary Casbon.” The Vidette Messenger, 29 Feb 1932, p. 3, col. 8; online image, Newspaper Archive.
[8] “Local Brevities,” The Vidette-Messenger, 26 Apr 1932, p. 3, col. 1, para. 27; online image, Newspaper Archive.

An Almost Forgotten Occupation

One of my favorite sources for stories has been the British Newspaper Archive, hosted by Find My Past. The collection is constantly being updated with new materials. Just last week the Herts and Cambs Reporter and Royston Crow was added. “Herts” stands for Hertfordshire and “Cambs” stands for Cambridgeshire. Royston is a town in northern Hertfordshire, just a few miles south of Meldreth and Melbourn, Cambridgeshire, the ancestral home villages of many of today’s Casbons.


Map showing Meldreth, Melbourn, Royston and Barley (indicated by stars) (Google Maps).

When I searched on the name “Casbon” in the Herts and Cambs Reporter, one of the first things to pop up was this advertisement.[1]

Casbon G W Wheelright ad Herts Cambs Reporter 8Feb1901

“G. W. Casbon, Jun.” would have been George Walter Casbon, the son of George Casbon (~1836–­1914) and Sarah Sophia Pryor (~1831–­1903). He was the grandson of James Casbon (“James Casbon, Farmer and Carrier, 1806–­1871”). George Junior was born October 14, 1873 in Barley, a village just outside of Royston.[2] He married Miss Emma Brown in London March 27, 1901, shortly after taking over his father’s business.[3] They had a son, Mervyn Henry George, born in 1905 (d. 1964).[4],[5]

As the ad indicates, George Junior was continuing his father’s “long established” business as a wheelwright. George Senior’s business certainly was long established; his occupation was listed as wheelwright as early as the 1861 census, when he was 20 years old and newly married to Sophia.[6]

According to Wikipedia, “a wheelwright is a craftsman who builds or repairs wooden wheels.”[7] The word “wright” means a maker or builder, and derives from the Old English wryhta, relating to work.[8] Many occupations ended in “wright”; probably the most common today is playwright.

When George Junior took over his father’s business in 1901, I wonder if he realized his profession was in its waning days. Wire-spoked wheels and pneumatic tires were invented in the 1870s.[9] Many early automobiles used wooden-spoked wheels, but as the 20th century progressed, the need for wooden wheels would have gradually decreased. Today the profession of wheelwright is largely restricted to living history museums.

sfj_craft_of_the_wheelwright_00
An iron tire being placed on a wooden wheel. (Daphne Turner, “The Craft of the Wheelwright,” Small Farmer’s Journal, issue 28-4, online periodical {https://smallfarmersjournal.com/the-craft-of-the-wheelwright : accessed 30 July 2017}).

Later records give George’s occupation as wheelwright and blacksmith.[10] Blacksmithing probably would have helped offset any potential loss of income as the need for handmade wheels declined.

George lived almost 97 years, until January 9, 1970.[11] His wife Emma died in 1942.[12]

[1] Advertisement “G.W. Casbon, Jun., Cart and Coach Wheelright, &c.,” Herts and Cambs Reporter and Royston Crow, 8 Feb 1901, p. 4, col. 3; online image, British Newspaper Archive, through findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/bna/viewarticle?id=bl%2f0001795%2f19010208%2f180: accessed 28 July 2017).
[2] “Hertfordshire Baptisms,” database with images, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=gbprs%2fb%2f71820470%2f1 : accessed 30 July 2017), George Walter Casbon, 28 Jun 1875, Barley, Hertfordshire; citing parish registers.
[3] “London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1921”, database with images, Ancestry Library Edition (accessed through participating libraries: 10 August 2016), George Walter Casbon & Emma Brown, 27 Mar 1901; citing parish registers, St. John the Less, Bethnal Green, London.
[4] “England & Wales Births, 1837-2006,” database, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fb%2f1905%2f4%2faz%2f000095%2f341 : accessed 30 July 2017), Mervyn Henry G Casbon, 1905; citing Birth Registration, Royston, Hertfordshire; citing General Register Office, Southport, England.
[5] “England & Wales deaths 1837-2007,” database, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fd%2f1964%2f2%2faz%2f000130%2f035 : accessed 30 July 2017), Mervyn H G Casbon, 1964, 2nd quarter; citing Death Registration, Watford, Hertfordshire; citing General Register Office.
[6] “1861 England, Wales & Scotland Census,” database with images, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=gbc%2f1861%2f0005011661 : accessed 30 July 2017), entry for George Casbon (age 20)) in household of John Ryce, Smith End, Barley, Hertfordshire; citing [The National Archives], RG 09, piece 812, folio 76, p. 44; Royston registration district, enumeration district 5.
[7] “Wheelwright,” Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wheelwright : accessed 30 July 2017), rev. 7 Jul 17, 10:40.
[8] “Wright,” Oxford Dictionaries (https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/wright : accessed 30 July 2017).
[9] “Wheel,” Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wheel#History : accessed 30 July 2017), rev. 26 Jul 17, 10:45.
[10] “1939 Register Census of United Kingdom,” High Street , Hitchin registration district (Hertfordshire); database with images, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=tna%2fr39%2f1659%2f1659b%2f003&parentid=tna%2fr39%2f1659%2f1659b%2f003%2f37 : accessed 30 July 2017) ), entry for George W Casborn (b. 14 Oct 1873); citing [The National Archives], ref. RG101/1659B/003/37.
[11] “Find a Will,” database searched through “Wills and Probate 1858-1996,” GOV.UK (https://probatesearch.service.gov.uk/Calendar#calendar : accessed 30 July 2017), >Casbon >1970, entry for Casbon George Walter, d. 9 Jan 1970.
[12] “England & Wales deaths 1837-2007,” database, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fd%2f1942%2f2%2faz%2f000146%2f050 : accessed 30 July 2017), Emma Casbon (age 75), 2nd quarter, 1942, Watford,Hertfordshire; ; citing General Register Office.

Nancy Casbon (~1800–before 1871): Research Methods

I thought I would share a bit about how I find and use old records to learn about my ancestors’ lives. I’ll use the baptismal record of Nancy Casbon as an example. Nancy was the daughter of James (“James Casbon of Meldreth (~1772-1833)”) and the sister of James (“James Casbon, Farmer and Carrier, 1806-1871, Part 1”). I speculated earlier that her father was a landowner, mentioned in the 1820 Award Book for the enclosure of Meldreth.[1]

James married his second wife, Mary Howse, in 1796.[2] How can we learn about their children? For this example we’ll do an online search using one of my favorite sites, FamilySearch (Https://www.familysearch.org). I like FamilySearch because: 1) it’s free, although you need to sign into the site to access some of the content; and 2) the data collections are extensive, drawing from the millions (billions?) of records collected, filmed, scanned, or transcribed by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (“LDS” – Mormons ). I have no affiliation with the LDS church, but I’m sure grateful for all the genealogical records they’ve stashed away. We’ll start at the FamilySearch opening search screen.

FS search screen 1
Detail of screen capture from https://familysearch.org/search

In this case we’ll leave the First Names and Birthplace fields blank. I’ve filled in the fields for Last Names and Birth Year so that the search includes anyone with the Casbon surname born between 1795 and 1815. We’ll limit the search to records from Cambridgeshire. One nice thing about FamilySearch and other online genealogy sites is that they use fuzzy logic to find similar-sounding surnames, so the search will still yield results even if the “wrong” spelling is used. It’s also possible to use “wild cards” (“*” and “?”) in place of letters to find even more variant spellings.

Here is a screen capture of the results of the search (there are actually several pages of results, but the closest matches to the search criteria appear first).

FS search screen 2
Detail from screen capture of search results. (Click on image to enlarge)

Bingo! You can see that three of the first four results show the names of children born to James and Mary Casbon: James, born 7 September 1806 in Meldreth; Mary, christened 20 May 1798 in Meldreth; and Nancy, christened 26 January 1800 (my third great grandfather Thomas, son of Isaac and Susanna, appears as the third result). Now that I have names and birth/christening dates, I can enter this information into my genealogy software (Family Tree Maker®). Since we’re interested in Nancy today, we click on her entry and see this screen.

FS search screen 3

This screen tells us that Nancy’s baptism information is contained in a data collection titled “England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975.” The collection only contains limited transcripts of the church records. The citation tells us that the source of the information is Family History Library (FHL) microfilm 990,297.

Let’s say we want to see what’s on that microfilm. Why? Well, because the microfilm can show us information that might not be included in the transcript. Also, it allows  us to see records in chronological order and get a sense of who and how many people were getting baptized, married and buried in the parish at any given time.

It used to be possible to order microfilms from the Family History Center in Salt Lake City, and have them delivered to a local Family History Center (located at LDS churches) or even my local library. However, just a few weeks ago FamilySearch announced that they will stop distributing microfilms as of August 31, 2017. They are in the process of scanning every microfilm and converting them into digital images, a project they hope to complete by the end of 2020.[3]

Fortunately, the digital images of the Meldreth parish registers have recently become available on the FamilySearch website. The images aren’t indexed, meaning you can’t look up individuals using the search page. Instead, you have to locate the file (i.e., Meldreth Parish registers) using the online catalog, and then browse through the images to see what they contain. Also, the parish register files can’t be viewed from home – you have to go to a local Family History Center to see them.

So, I went to the nearest LDS church (A.K.A. “Family History Center”), logged into FamilySearch, and located the link for the Meldreth parish registers. This is what the screen looks like.

FS search screen 4
Detail from screen capture, Meldreth Bishop’s Transcripts (I don’t have a screen copy of the parish registers, but this gives you an idea of what the screen looks like). (Click on image to enlarge)

Each thumbprint image represents a frame from the FHL microfilm. Each frame of the microfilm contains a photograph of a page or two of the parish registers, consisting of several books. The images can be viewed individually and downloaded. Here is the frame with Nancy’s baptismal record.

Nancy baptism unenhanced Unenhanced digital image of frame from FHL microfilm 990,297, showing Meldreth parish baptisms, 1796–1800.
(Click on image to enlarge)

I like to make the images more “presentable,” so I do a little enhancement with photo software, straightening, cropping, adjusting light and contrast, and adding a sepia tone effect. Although artificial, I like to think this last step gives the image a more realistic appearance.  Here’s the enhanced version.

Nancy baptism enhanced

And here is a detailed view showing the entry for Nancy’s baptism, January 26, 1800.

Nancy baptism detail
“Nancy Daughter of James and Mary Casbon _____Jan.y 26.th”

The column on the left is titled “Born.” You can see by the dates that children were not always baptized the same year they were born. You can also see that the year of Nancy’s birth is illegible, either because it has been erased, or just badly smudged. This means we really can’t know for sure when Nancy was born. Since her sister Mary was baptized in 1798, it’s likely that Nancy was born sometime between 1798 and 1800.

This is just a small example of the genealogical research process. For me each new bit of information is a new discovery, a small piece of a larger puzzle. The puzzle will never be completed, but every piece put into place makes it a little easier to understand the whole.

[1] Arnold Stanford, transcriber, “Inclosure Act 1820 Meldreth Award Book,” 2014, p. 12, James Casbourn copyhold allotment; PDF, Meldreth History (http://www.meldrethhistory.org.uk/documents/Meldreth_Award_Book_complete2.pdf ; accessed 19 January 2017)
[2] Parish of Meldreth (Cambridgeshire, England), untitled register of Marriages 1754–1807, p. 38, no. 152, James Casbon & Mary Howse, 23 Nov 1796; Family History Library (FHL) microfilm 1,04,0570, item 6.
[3] “FamilySearch Digital Records Access Replacing Microfilm,” posted 26 Jun 17, FamilySearch (http://media.familysearch.org/familysearch-digital-records-access-replacing-microfilm/: accessed 13 July 2017).

Updated “Documents” Link

Instead of my usual weekly post, I’ve been working hard to create two new documents, which can be found by clicking on the “Documents” link. These are Descendants of Thomas Casbon (1803-1888) and Descendants of James Casbon in America.

The documents were produced by my genealogy software (Family Tree Maker®), but took quite a bit of “tweaking” on my part to edit and update information. I plan to update them periodically as needed.

These reports cover the two main branches of the family that came to the United States from England. I started with these two because of the upcoming Casbon family reunion in Indiana on August 5th. Eventually, I intend to add additional reports covering all of the major branches of the family.

Amos and Carrie Casbon farmhouse
Amos and Carrie (Aylesworth) Casbon’s farmouse and children, about 1911, Porter Township, Porter County, Indiana. Photo courtesy of Ron Casbon. (Click on image to enlarge)

You will notice that information about living people is limited to their surnames. Their given names have been replaced with “Living.” I have done this to protect their privacy, while still allowing others to see how they are connected to the family. Although I’ve worked hard to keep information private, it’s possible that I’ve mistakes or used incorrect information. If you discover something that should be kept private, please contact me through the “Contact” link so I can make corrections.

Likewise, I may have indicated people as “Living” who are deceased. This happens when I don’t have birth or death information. Please contact me if you have updated information.

Lawrence Kate 3 boys and horse abt 1898
Lawrence and Kate (Marquardt) Casbon’s farmhouse and children, about 1900. Boone Township, Porter County, Indiana. Photo courtesy of Don Casbon. (Click on image to enlarge)

The information comes from a variety of sources. I have not personally verified every source, and there may well be errors. You are welcome to download and use the information, but please be aware of its limitations. Feel free to contact me with updated information or to ask questions about my sources. Photos are always welcome!

In the meantime, enjoy!

Children of Thomas Casbon (1803–1888): Emma

Emma Elizabeth Casbon was the last child born to Thomas and Emma (Scruby) Casbon, and the only one born in the United States. Her life is poorly documented. Reporting of births was not required in Ohio until the 1850s, so there is no official record of her birth. The birth date carved into her grave stone is May 22, 1847.[1] This would have been about one year after her family arrived in Ohio from England. She was named after her mother Emma and her maternal grandmother, Elizabeth (Robinson) Scruby. Her name is duly recorded on the 1850 and 1860 census reports with the other family members, but no information is given other than her age and sex.[2],[3]

The next record I have is a copy of the marriage certificate of Emma with Robert Newell Rigg, in Porter County, Indiana, on April 15, 1869, when Emma was just shy of 22 years old.[4]

Rigg RN Emma Casbon marriage Valpo 1869
Marriage registration of Robert Rigg and Emma Casbon, 15 April, 1869, Porter County, Indiana.
(Click on image to enlarge).

As I’ve noted previously, Thomas Casbon moved with his family from Ohio to Indiana about 1865. His farm was only about 1½ miles south of that of William Byron Rigg in Porter Township. Mr. Rigg came to Porter County from Pennsylvania in 1861.[5] His son, Robert Newell (after his paternal grandmother), born in 1845, didn’t have far to look for his bride.[6]

Initially Emma and Robert continued to live in Porter Township, where Robert worked on a farm, presumably that of his father.[7]

The young couple remained childless after five years of marriage. This changed dramatically after an unfortunate event. In August 1874, a son was born to Emma’s brother Sylvester and his wife Harriet (Perry).[8] He was given the name George Washington Casbon. In November of the same year, Harriet died, leaving Sylvester a widower with five children at home, ranging from the infant George to 13-year old Cora.[9] Possibly to alleviate Sylvester’s burden (and grief), or to offset their own state of childlessness, Emma and Robert agreed to take responsibility for George’s upbringing.

In 1876 Robert, Emma, and George moved to Iowa. I don’t know why they moved, but as one of five sons, there might not have been enough affordable land to go around in Indiana, while Iowa still had abundant land for settlement (this is only speculation on my part). The 1880 census shows Robert, Emma, and “Georgio” living in Geneseo Township, Tama County.[10] George is listed as “son,” and the enumerator has mistakenly listed his parents’ birthplaces as Pennsylvania and Ohio (George’s father, Sylvester, was born in England; mother, Harriet, was born in Canada).

Rigg 1880 census Iowa
Detail from 1880 census, Geneseo Township, Tama County, Iowa. (Click on image to enlarge)

It is unclear whether George was truly adopted, or simply raised in loco parentis by Robert and Emma. There are some indications that his home life was not a happy one. Since Emma is the subject of this post, and not George, I won’t dwell on his situation at this time. He will be the subject of a future post.

Meanwhile, although I have no documentation, living descendants of George have told me that Robert and Emma’s marriage was troubled. They reportedly filed for divorce in 1904.[11] Whether the divorce was granted is unknown to me. It is noteworthy that in the 1905 Iowa State Census, Robert is listed as married but was apparently living by himself; I haven’t been able to locate Emma, and George was now grown and living on his own.[12]

detail from 1901 reunion
This is the only photo I have of Emma, taken at a family reunion in 1901 when she
was 54 years old. She is hidden in shadow behind her brother Jesse (a metaphor?).

The 1910 Census does nothing to clarify their marital status. They were not together when the census was enumerated. Robert was in Iowa, and Emma was in Indiana, a house guest of her brother Jesse. [13],[14] Robert was listed as married, while Emma was listed as widowed. Emma’s status could simply be an incorrect assumption by the enumerator, or an evasion on her part.

Detail from Emma 1910 census
Detail from 1910 Census, Center Township, Porter County, Indiana. Emma’s marital status is listed as
“Wd,” for widowed (compare to Jesse’s daughter Anna, who was divorced). (Click in image to enlarge)

Emma’s death occurred in Valparaiso, Indiana on July 29, 1910, just a few months after the census was taken. Her obituary gives little new information, and makes no mention of a divorce from Robert.[15]

Rigg Emma Casbon obit 1910
Obituary from the Waterloo (Iowa) Evening Courier,
August 5, 1910. (Click on image to enlarge)

Given her “widowed” status on the census and the fact that she had been staying with her brothers in Indiana for several months preceding her death, it seems likely that she was estranged from her husband. I’ve gotten the impression from living descendants that they might have even lived in separate homes in Iowa.

Robert lived another 14 years after Emma’s death and never remarried. He died July 17, 1924 in La Porte City, Iowa, not far from the farm he moved to in 1876.[16] His obituary described his as “one of the most substantial farmers and stock raisers of this section.”[17] It also makes no mention of a marital schism with Emma.

Rigg RN obit 17Jul1924 La Porte City IA
Obituary from the (La Porte City) Progress Review, July 17, 1924.
(Click on image to enlarge – image is poor quality)

Given the ambiguous state of their marriage, I find it interesting that, in the end, they were buried side by side in Iowa.

Rigg Stone
The Rigg memorial stone, Westview Cemetery, La Porte, Black Hawk County, Iowa.
(photo courtesy of Claudia Vokoun)

What I find most interesting, and sad, however, is that neither of the obituaries mentions their foster-son, George. I’m afraid the silence says a lot about their relationship. Whatever the case, it is thanks to Robert and Emma that the Casbon name was brought to Iowa, where there are now a considerable number of George’s descendants.

[1] Find A Grave, database and images (http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=18208125 : accessed 18 August 2016), memorial page for Emma Rigg (1847–1910), memorial no. 18208125, created by “Deb”; citing Westview Cemetery, La Porte City, Black Hawk, Iowa.
[2] 1850 U.S. Census, Wayne County, Ohio, population schedule, Clinton township, p. 2 (written), dwelling 8, family 8, Emma (age 3) in household of Thos. Casban; image, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-XHRS-K7M?i=1&cc=1401638 : accessed 4 July 2016); citing NARA microfilm publication M432, roll 739.
[3] 1860 U.S. Census, Holmes County, Ohio, population schedule, Washington Township, p. 223 (written), dwelling 1534, household 1556, Ema (age 13) in household of Thomas Casbon; image, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9BSH-967D?cc=1473181 : accessed 12 August 2016); citing NARA microfilm publication M653, roll 989.
[4] “Indiana Marriages, 1811-2007,” Porter, Indiana, database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GTM4-GTV?i=272&cc=1410397 : accessed 20 July 2016), entry for R.N. Rigg & Emma E. Casbon, 15 Apr 1869; citing Marriage Record 3, 1863–1871, p. 455 (stamped), Porter County Clerk’s office, Indiana.
[5] “John Wallace Rigg,” History of Porter County, Indiana : a narrative account of its historical progress, its people and its principal interests (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1912), 2: 425; online image, Hathi Trust Digital Library (https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89067919191;view=1up;seq=79 : accessed 29 June 2017).
[6] History of Tama County, Iowa, Together with Sketches of their Towns, Villages and Townships, Educational,Ccivil, Military and Political History … and Biographies of Representative Citizens (Springfield, Illinois: Union Publishing Company, 1883), p. 739; online image, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/stream/historyoftamacou00unio#page/738/mode/2u : accessed 29 Jun 2017).
[7] 1870 U.S. Census, Porter County, Indiana, population schedule, Porter Township, p. 109 (stamped), dwelling 187, family 185, Noah Rigg; image, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-D5GG-K7?cc=1438024 : accessed 6 January 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication M593, roll 351.
[8] “World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards”; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KZ2K-WY9 : accessed 22 December 2016), George Washington Casbon, b. 16 Aug 1874; citing Tama County, Iowa, United States, NARA microfilm publication M1509.
[9] Weston A. Goodspeed and Charles Blanchard, Counties of Porter and Lake, Indiana: Historical and Biographical: Illustrated (Chicago: F.A. Battey & Co., 1882), p. 706: online image, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/stream/countiesofporter00good#page/706/mode/2up : accessed 22 Aug 2016).
[10] United States Census, 1880, Tama County, Iowa, population schedule, Geneseo Township, p. 461 (stamped), enumeration district (E.D.) 322, dwelling 120, family 126, Riggs Robert N (age 34); database and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GYB6-W74?cc=1417683&wc=QZ2W-NNS%3A1589394762%2C1589403638%2C1589401903%2C1589403041 : accessed 24 December 2015); citing NARA microfilm publication T9, roll 365.
[11] Casbon family tradition about Robert and Emma Rigg, privately held by Jon Casbon [address for private use], as reported by Claudia Vokoun, a granddaughter of George W. Casbon.
[12] Iowa State Census, 1905, Geneseo, Tama, card no. 268, R. N. Rigg; imaged in “Iowa, State Census Collection, 1836-1925” Ancestry Library Edition (accessed through participating libraries: accessed 29 June 2017); citing State Historical Society of Iowa.
[13] United States Census, 1910, Tama, Iowa, population schedule, Geneseo Township, E.D. 175, sheet 2-B, dwelling 34, family 34, Riggs, Robert N., in household of Rodman, W. Ray; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GRN2-6QR?i=3&cc=1727033 : accessed 30 June 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 424.
[14] United States Census, 1910, Porter, Indiana, population schedule, Center Township, La Porte Road, p. 26 (stamped), E.D. 137, sheet 10-A, dwelling 155, family 158, Emma Riggs in household of Jesse Casbon (indexed as “Larbon”); database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GRJJ-CL9?i=18&cc=1727033 : accessed 30 October 16); citing NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 374.
[15] “La Porte City Resident Dies,” Waterloo (Iowa) Evening Courier, p. 5, col. 5; online images, Newspaper Archive (accessed through participating libraries : accessed 29 June 2017).
[16] “R. N. Rigg Died this Morning: Well Known Citizen Passed Away at Home of Mr. And Mrs. E. E. Gates, West of this City,” (La Porte City, Iowa) Progress Review, 17 Jul 1924, p. 1, col. 4; online image, Newspaper Archive (accessed through participating libraries: accessed 29 June 2017).
[17] “R. N. Rigg Died this Morning.”

Origins: The Earliest Ancestors from Littleport

Reader be forewarned! This is one of those strict genealogy posts – all names & dates – no interesting stories. I won’t be offended if you decide to pass on this one. With this post, I intend to summarize my research into the origins of what I have called the “Peterborough Casbons”, so named because the family eventually settled in that area, and members of the family remain there today.

In an earlier post (see “How doth your garden grow? Part 1”) I described how Thomas Casborn (~1776–1855) left Littleport, Cambridgeshire, and how his son Thomas (~1807–1863) settled in Peterborough, where he had a gardening business. Working backwards, I traced “1776 Thomas” back one generation to his father Thomas (see “Stepping Back: Thomas Casborn of Littleport (~1732-1780)”). Here is a diagram of the sequence I just described.

Fullscreen capture 6202017 22416 PM
3 generations of Casbons, from Littleport & Peterborough. (Click on image to enlarge)

Now I’ll start with Thomas (~1732-1780)”) and work my way back. His baptismal record of October 15, 1832 shows that his parents were Thomas and Anne Caseborne.[1]

Thomas C bp 1732 Littleport
Detail from LIttleport (Cambridgeshire) parish register, Baptisms, 1732. “Thomas of
Thomas & Anne Caseborne _ _ (October) 15.” (Click on image to enlarge)

Who were Thomas & Anne? The Bishop’s Transcripts of 1720 show the marriage of Thomas Casebourne and Anne Kendale on October 6th.[2]

Thomas Casebourne M Anne Kendale 1720 Littleport
Detail from Bishop’s Transcripts, Littleport, Marriages 1820. “Thomas
Casebourne & Anne Kendale October 6.” (Click on image to enlarge)

Looking further back, there is a baptismal record for Thomas Casborne, son of William & Alice, May 29, 1695.[3] He is the most likely candidate for the Thomas who married Anne Kendale, and father of Thomas (b. ~1832). I have not found a baptismal record for Anne.

Besides Thomas, there are records of six other children born to Thomas and Anne: William (baptized 1721), Elizabeth (1722), Mary (1727), Abraham (1729, died 1734), another Mary (1734), and another Abraham (1739).[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10] Anne’s death is recorded in 1750, and Thomas’ in 1751.[11],[12] You can also see that Thomas’ burial record gives his occupation as “Labourer”

Thomas C bp 1795 Bu 1751
Detail from Bishop’s Transcripts, Littleport, burials 1751. “Thomas Casborne, Labourer.—Sept:r 27.” Note that his son William’s burial is the next entry, on October 13th. (Click on image to enlarge)

Here is a family tree of Thomas and Anne (Kendale) Caseborne, showing their relationship to the Peterborough Casbons.

Thomas 1695 fam tree
(Click on image to enlarge)

I’m able to trace this family back one more generation. As mentioned above, Thomas (baptized 1695) was the son of William and Alice. There are baptismal records for three other children born to William and Alice: William (baptized 1687), Alice (1592), and John (1699).[13],[14],[15] There may have been a fourth child, Mary, for whom there is a burial record on the same day as John in 1699, but no baptismal record.[16]

Who were William and Alice? I don’t know. I cannot find a marriage record for them, nor can I find a baptismal record for William. There are no baptisms, marriages or burials with the Casb(*) surname recorded in Littleport between 1620 (burial of Robert Casborn, widower) and 1687 (baptism of William – see previous paragraph).[17]

Here is a family tree of William and Alice, the earliest generation I have been able to trace back from the Peterborough Casbons.

Wm d 1699 fam tree

Where did this family come from before William? It’s impossible for me to say. There are Casb(*) records in nearby Ely and Stuntney, but not enough information to make familial connections.

Littleport map
Detail of 1945 Ordnance Survey map showing Littleport and Ely (This work is based on data provided
through http://www.VisionofBritain.org.uk and uses historical material which is copyright of the
Great Britain Historical GIS Project and the University of Portsmouth). (Click on image to enlarge)

I’ve said before that there is no evidence that the Peterborough Casbons, hence the Littleport Casborns, are related to my branch, the “Meldreth Casbons.” It’s still fascinating to me that the many variants of our surname are concentrated so heavily in the part of England known as East Anglia. Perhaps there was a common ancestor many generations before, or maybe there was just a common reason for so many people to have the same name (see “a term of reproach …”). Would DNA be able to help sort this out?

[1] LIttleport Parish (Cambridgeshire, England), Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 271) showing baptisms, 1732, Thomas Caseborne, 15 October; browsable images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-892X-HQHF?i=270&cat=976859 : accessed 15 September 2016); citing Family History Library (FHL) microfilm 2,206,070, (unnumbered) item 1.
[2] LIttleport Parish (Cambridgeshire), Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 253) showing marriages, 1720, Thomas Casebourne & Anne Kendale, 6 October.
[3] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 201), baptisms, 1695, Thomas Caseborn, 7 July.
[4] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 253), baptisms, 1720/21, William Casebourne, 9 March.
[5] LIttleport Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 256), baptisms, 1722, Elizabeth Casebourne, 16 December.
[6] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 263), baptisms, 1727, Mary Caseborne, 10 September.
[7] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 267), baptisms, 1729, Abraham Caseborne, 21 December.
[8] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 276), burials, 1734, Abraham Caseborne, 3 December.
[9] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 275), baptisms, 1734, Mary Caseborne, 2 August.
[10] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 281), baptisms, 1738/39, Abraham Caseborne, 14 February.
[11] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 305), burials, 1750, Ann Casborne, 20 May.
[12] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 307), burials, 1751, Thomas Casborne, 27 September.
[13] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 194), baptisms, 1687, William Casborne, 4 November.
[14] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 199), baptisms, 1692, Alice Casborne, 26 March.
[15] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 213), baptisms, 1699, John Casebourne, 14 May.
[16] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 213), burials, 1699, Mary Casebourne, 20 August.
[17] LIttleport, Bishop’s Transcripts 1599–1832, unnumbered page (image 47), burials, 1619/20, Robert Casborne, 29 February.

Children of Thomas Casbon (1803–1888): Jesse

Jesse Casbon was the fourth surviving child of Thomas and Emma (Scruby, 1811–1870) Casbon, and the last one born before their departure for America. Jesse was born November 23, 1843 and baptized May 26, 1844 in Meldreth.[1],[2]

Casbon Jesse Bp Meld 1844
Detail of Meldreth Parish register, baptisms, 1844. (Click on image to enlarge)

Jesse would have been less than 3 years old when the family boarded the Parkfield, so he probably remembered little, if any, of the voyage. His earliest memories would be of the family homes in adjacent Wayne and Holmes counties, Ohio. The 1850 census shows 7-year old Jesse along with the rest of the family in Clinton Township, Wayne County.[3]

T Casbon 1850 Ohio census
Detail from 1850 U.S. Census, Clinton Township, Wayne County, Ohio. (Click on image to enlarge)

This small section of the census is a great example of how valuable information can be gleaned, and connections made, from limited census data. We see from the marks in column 11 that Jesse and his two older brothers attended school within the past year. Had they remained in England this might not have been possible. On line 2 of the census form we see the name Rachel Paine, age 20, living in the household of Emmett Eddy (he is listed on the previous page of the census). We met Rachel in “From England to Indiana, Part 8,” where we learned that she was Emma (Scruby) Casbon’s niece, who traveled from England to Ohio with Thomas Casbon and his family. Her story is interesting, and worth reading in the earlier post.

The name Eddy is also significant. The History of Porter County, Indiana tells us that Thomas Casbon, after arriving in Wayne County, “bought eighty acres of land near Wooster on the Columbus road at the village of Eddyville, where the stages between Cleveland and Columbus then changed horses.”[4] Eddyville cannot be found on maps today, but it may well be the site of “Eddy’s Inn,” established by Emmett Eddy’s father in 1830 along the Cincinnati to Cleveland stagecoach line.[5]

One final note about this page of the 1850 census: the last name shown is that of James Wing, misspelled as “Ying,” age 26. I used this same census entry in “From Labourer to Landowner” and explained how Thomas Casbon and James Wing jointly bought their first parcel of Ohio land in 1850. Who sold them the land? Emmett Eddy![6]

I’ve gotten off track from the subject of today’s post, so it’s time to get back to Jesse. After his older brothers Sylvester and Charles moved to Porter County, Indiana, Jesse remained at home with his parents and sister Emma. He was 17 years old when the American Civil War broke out in April 1861. Jesse enlisted for one year of service in September 1864.[7] He was assigned to the Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 178th Regiment, Company D.

Casbon Jesse b1843 civil war roster 178 OH Reg Detail of roster, Ohio Infantry, 178th Regiment, Company D. The roster gives Jesse’s age as 19. He would have really been 20 in September 1864. (Click on image to enlarge)

The 178th Regiment was sent to Tennessee, going first to Nashville, then Tullahoma, and then Murfreesboro.[8] They helped defend the town during the siege of Murfreesboro, and during that time participated in the Battle of Wilkerson’s Pike.[9] In March 1865, the regiment fought in the Battle of Wyse Fork.[10] Afterwards, they joined General Sherman’s advance towards Raleigh, N.C..[11] Following the surrender, the unit was assigned to garrison duty in Charlotte, N.C. until they mustered out June 29, 1865.[12] The regiment’s losses were relatively light: 2 killed in combat and 63 died of disease.[13]

Jesse’s father Thomas bought his first land in Porter County, Indiana, in January 1865 while Jesse was still serving in the Army.[14] Jesse must have joined him in Indiana shortly after the war. He bought 80 acres adjacent to his father’s farm in 1867.[15] Although a landowner and farmer in his own right, he was still single and living in his parents’ house when the 1870 census was taken.[16]

This situation changed when he married Emily Price in April 1872.[17] Jesse was 28 years old and Emily was 16 or 17. Emily probably became an orphan in her childhood or early teen years; her father died when she was about 8 years old, and I haven’t found any records of her mother after the 1860 census.[18],[19] In the 1870 census, 15-year old Emily was living with her married older sister in Pleasant Township, just east of Porter Township, where Jesse lived.[20]

Jesse and Emily had one son, who died in infancy, and four daughters: Maude Elma (1873–1962), Anna Mae (1876–1957), Lillian E. (1880–1967), and Edna (1885–1957).[21] In 1879, Jesse bought about 160 acres in Center Township, just southwest of Valparaiso, and relocated there with his family.[22]

Map Casbon Jesse Center twp 1895
Detail of 1895 plat map, Center Township, Porter County, Indiana, showing Jesse’s land.
(Click on image to enlarge)

He was widowed and left with daughters ranging from 8 to 20 years old after Emily died in 1893.[23] Daughter Anna Mae married (John) Newton Kitchel in 1898.[24] Maude married Myron Dayton in 1901.[25] Lillian and Edna remained spinsters and lived with Jesse until his death on January 24, 1934.[26]

Jesse’s obituary reflects his Civil War service and summarizes much of what I have described above.[27]

Casbon Jesse b1843 Obit 1934 Vidette
Jesse’s obituary – from The (Valparaiso) Vidette-Messenger, August 25, 1934.
(Click on image to enlarge)

Jesse and Emily are buried in Maplewood Cemetery, Valparaiso.[28] Even though they only had daughters, the Casbon surname lives on today in their branch of the family, owing to the fact that Anna Mae divorced Newton Kitchel, and had her name, and that of her two sons, legally changed to Casbon.

[1] “Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011,” Jessie Casbon, 24 Jan 1934, Valparaiso, Porter, Indiana; image copy, Ancestry Library Edition (accessed through participating libraries : accessed 13 December 2016); citing Indiana State Board of Health. Death Certificates, 1900–201, microfilm, Indiana Archives and Records Administration, Indianapolis, Indiana.
[2] Parish of Meldreth (Cambridgeshire, England), “Register of Baptisms in the Parish of Meldreth in the County of Cambridge [1813–67],” p. 59, no. 469, Jesse Casbon, 26 May 1844; accessed as “Parish registers for Meldreth, 1681-1877,” browsable images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/search/film/007567609?cat=210742 : accessed 28 April 2017); citing Family History Library (FHL) microfilm 1,040,542, item 5.
[3] 1850 U.S. Census, Wayne County, Ohio, population schedule, Clinton Township, p. 2 (written), dwelling 8, family 8, Thos. Casban; image, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-XHRS-K7M?i=1&cc=1401638 : accessed 4 July 2016); citing NARA microfilm publication M432, roll 739.
[4] “Sylvester Casbon,” History of Porter County, Indiana : a narrative account of its historical progress, its people and its principal interests (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1912), 2: p. 483; online image, Hathi Trust Digital Library (https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89067919191;view=1up;seq=139 : accessed 13 June 2017).
[5] Ben Douglass, History of Wayne county, Ohio, from the days of the pioneers and the first settlers to the present time (Indianapolis, Indiana: Robert Douglass, Publisher, 1878), p. 787; online image, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/stream/cu31924028848765#page/n825 : accessed 13 Jun3 2017).
[6] Wayne County, Ohio, “Deed books, v. 34, 36 1850-1852,” v. 34, pp. 293-4, Emmett Eddy to Casbon & Wing entry, 2 November 1850; browsable images of FHL microfilm 420,933, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/search/film/007900918?cat=295246 : accessed 26 November 2016), images 164-5.
[7] Ohio Roster Commission, Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866 (Cincinnati: The Ohio Valley Press, 1889),” 9: 584; image copy, Internet Archive (https://archive.org/stream/ohiowarroster09howerich#page/584 : accessed 28 October 2016).
[8] “178th Ohio Infantry,” Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/178th_Ohio_Infantry : accessed 14 Jun 2017), rev. 24 Sep 16, 19:52.
[9] “178th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry,” Ohio Civil War Central (http://ohiocivilwarcentral.com/entry.php?rec=488 : accessed 14 June 2017).
[10] “178th Ohio Infantry,” Wikipedia.
[11] “178th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry,” Ohio Civil War Central.
[12] “178th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry.”
[13] “178th Ohio Infantry.”
[14] Porter, Indiana, “Deed records, 1836-1901,” Deed Index Grantee, Casbon Thos from S.O.M Lee, 15 Jan 1865; Family History Library (FHL) microfilm 1,703,895, item 4.
[15] Porter, Indiana, “Deed records, 1836-1901,” Deed Index Grantee, Casbon Jesse from David Jones, 1 Apr 1867; FHL microfilm 1,703,895, item 4.
[16] 1870 U.S. Census, Porter County, Indiana, population schedule, Porter Township, p. 7 (written), dwelling 52, family 52, Jessie Casbin in household of Thomas Casbin; image, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-D5GG-R5?i=6&cc=1438024 : accessed 14 June 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication M593, roll 351.
[17] “Indiana Marriages, 1811-2007,” Porter, 1871–1875, p. 89 (stamped), no. 173, Jesse Casbon & Emma Price, 23 Apr 1872; online image, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KDH3-54P : accessed 20 Jul 2016), image 78; citing Porter County Clerk’s office.
[18] Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=70625904 : accessed 17 June 2017), memorial page for William W. Price (1822–1863), memorial no. 70625904, created by “Jackie & Ralph”; citing Spencer Cemetery, Kouts, Porter, Indiana.
[19] 1860 U.S. Census, Porter County, Indiana, population schedule, Pleasant Township, p. 110 (written), dwelling 838, family 818, Mary Price (age 36) in household of Henry M. Rose; image, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GB9J-S8M2?i=7&wc=7QK5-RG3%3A1589426070%2C1589426630%2C1589423641&cc=1473181 : accessed 14 June 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication M653.
[20] 1870 U.S. Census, Porter County, Indiana, population schedule, Pleasant Township, p. 14 (written), dwelling 103, family 102, Emely Price (age 15) in household of William Carr; image, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-D5GG-RL?i=13&cc=1438024 : accessed 14 June 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication M593, roll 351.
[21] “Jesse Casbon, War Vet, Dies at Age of 90,” The (Valparaiso, Indiana) Vidette-Messenger, 25 Jan 1934, p. 1, col. 3; online archive, Newspaper Archive (accessed through participating libraries : accessed 22 August 2016).
[22] Porter, Indiana, “Deed Index 6, Grantee, Mar 1876—Dec 83,” Casbon Jesse from John T Derrit, 20 Mar 1879; FHL microfilm 1,703,896; citing Recorder’s Office, Porter, Indiana.
[23] Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=109806539 : accessed 14 June 2017), memorial page for Emily Price Casbon (d. 26 Apr 1893), memorial no. 109806539, created by Alana Knochel Bauman; citing Maplewood Cemetery, Valparaiso, Porter, Indiana.
[24] “Indiana Marriages, 1811-2007,” Porter, 1895–1899, vol. 11, p. 430 (stamped), Newton Kitchell & Anna Casbon, 9 Jul 1898; online image, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9R15-4M4?i=253&cc=1410397 : accessed 18 June 2017), image 24; citing Porter County Clerk’s office.
[25] “Indiana Marriages, 1811-2007,” Porter, 1898–1901, vol. 12, p. 504 (stamped), Myron R. Dayton & Maud E. Casbon, 23 Oct 1901; online image, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9R15-CL4?i=319&wc=Q83F-4HT%3A963055701%2C963108501&cc=1410397 : accessed 18 June 2017), image 320; citing Porter County Clerk’s office.
[26] “Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011,” Jessie Casbon, 24 Jan 1934, Valparaiso, Porter, Indiana; image copy, Ancestry Library Edition (accessed through participating libraries : accessed 13 December 2016); citing Indiana State Board of Health. Death Certificates, 1900–201, microfilm, Indiana Archives and Records Administration, Indianapolis, Indiana.
[27] “Jesse Casbon, War Vet, Dies at Age of 90.
[28] Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=109806484 : accessed 13 Jun 2017), memorial page for Jesse Casbon (1843–1934), memorial # 109806484, created by Alana Knochel Bauman; citing Maplewood Cemetery, Valparaiso, Porter, Indiana

“Rags” to Riches

This article appeared in the October 19, 1951 edition of The (Melbourne, Australia) Argus.[1]

Casben Wilfred Rags to Riches
(Click on image to enlarge)

“Mr. W. A. Casben” is Wilfred Arthur Ackerman Casben, eldest son of Arthur Casben (1886–1961). We were briefly introduced to Wilfred in “Australia Bound,” an earlier post describing Arthur’s origins in England and his emigration to Australia. I’ve had little to say about this branch of the family, as there is relatively little information available online (and I don’t have any plans to make the trek “down under” anytime soon!), but I will continue to post as information becomes available to me. Wilfred is my fourth cousin, twice removed, based on our common ancestor, Thomas Casbon (1743–1799).

Here’s what I know about Wilfred Arthur.

He was born in England March 2, 1911 and baptized at Christ Church, Mitcham, Surrey on June 4th of that year.[2]

Wilfred baptism 1911
Detail from Christ Church, Mitcham, Surrey baptismal register. (Click on image to enlarge)

He was only 3 years old when he boarded the steam ship Themistocles in London, April, 1914, with his mother Leonora and 1-year old brother Noel, bound for Australia.[3] Wilfred’s father Arthur had preceded them six months earlier, working as a crew member aboard the ship Miltiades.[4]

In 1935, Wilfred was listed on electoral rolls, living in Bankstown North (a suburb of Sydney), and employed as a shop assistant.[5]  In 1939, about the time he decided to start his own sportswear company, he became engaged to Florence Still.[6] They were married a year later.[7]

Casben WA Florence Still engagement announcement 1939
The engagement announcement of Miss Florence (“Phipp”) Still.
(Click on image to enlarge)

Florence and Wilfred went by the nicknames “Phipp” and “Cas.” They had at least four children that I know of (names withheld out of respect for privacy), and have living grandchildren today. I have not located records of Wilfred’s or Florence’s deaths; however, they would be well over 100 years old if still living.

I don’t have much more information about Wilfred or the company that he founded. It’s clear that he had a vision, and was able to turn it into a highly successful venture. It must have taken a good deal of courage and a lot of hard work to make it happen.

Based on what’s available on Google, the clothing company’s heyday was from the late 1940s through at least the 1960s (see “Friday Fun: 1968 Casben Shorts Ad”). Here is another colorful advertisement, from 1954.[8]

Casben ad 19Nov1954 AusWomWkly
(Click on image to enlarge)

I have not made contact with any of the Australia Casbens. However, this blog gets occasional visits from Australia, so I suspect someone in the family is reading it. I welcome comments, either through the comments section below this post, or through the Contacts link.

[1] “’Rags’ to Riches,” The (Melbourne, Australia) Argus, 19 Oct 1951, p. 3, col. 1; image copy, Trove (http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article23086750 : accessed 5 October 2016).
[2] “Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1912,” Christ Church Mitcham, Southwark diocese, Wilfred Arthur Ackerman Casben, b. 2 Mar 1911, baptized 4 Jun 1911; database with images, Ancestry Library Edition (accessed through participating libraries : accessed 17 February 2017); citing parish registers, Surrey History Centre, Woking.
[3] “Passenger Lists leaving UK 1890-1960,” images and transcriptions, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=tna%2fbt27%2f0846000031%2f00370 : accessed 6 October 2016), entry for Mrs Lenora Casben (age 26,) departing London, 2 Apr 1914 for Brisbane aboard Themistocles.
[4] “New South Wales unassisted passenger lists”, images and transcriptions, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=anz%2fnsw%2fpass%2funasst%2f06568718 : accessed 11 December 2016), entry for Arthur Casben, arrived at Sydney, New South Wales, 23 Oct 1913 aboard T S S Miltiades.
[5] “Australia Electoral Rolls,” images and transcriptions, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=au%2felectoralroll%2f323%2f001807930 : accessed 8 June 2017), Wilfred Arthur Ackerman Casben, 84 Waterloo Road, Bankstown North, New South Wales.
[6] “Engagement Announced,” The Sydney (Australia) Morning Herald, 15 Feb 1939, p. 8, col. 4; image copy, Trove (http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article17543390 : accessed 5 October 2016).
[7] “New South Wales Marriages 1788-1945,” Sydney, reg. no. 376, Wilfred Arthur Ackerman & Florence Amelia Still, 1940; database, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=anz%2fbmd%2fnsw%2fm%2f0002643832 : accessed 6 October 2016).
[8] Casben “Swim N’ Play” advertisement, Australian Women’s Weekly, 10 Nov 1954, p. 62; image copy, Trove (http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page5791063 : accessed 9 June 2017).

Children of Thomas Casbon (1803–1888): Charles Thomas

Charles Thomas Casbon was the third surviving child and second surviving son of Thomas and and Emma (Scruby) Casbon. He is the first Casbon family member in my records to bear the name Charles. Like his brother Sylvester, his life is relatively well documented, thanks both to his long life and his biography, published in History of Porter County, Indiana (1912).[1]

Here is an image of Charles’ baptismal record of December 20, 1840.[2]

Meldreth baptism 1840
Detail from Meldreth (Cambridgeshire) parish register, baptisms 1840. (Click on image to enlarge)

The biography says this about Charles’ earliest days:

Mr. Casbon was born November 6, 1840, in Cambridgeshire, England, twenty-two miles from London, the son of an English farmer, Thomas Casbon and wife, Emma (Scruby) Casbon. When the son was five years old his father determined to bring his family to America, which was then a land of opportunities and almost undeveloped resources.[3]

To my modern eyes the description of Charles’ father Thomas as “an English farmer” overstates Thomas’ social standing in England, and diminishes the social and economic conditions that must have influenced his decision to leave England. In fact, Thomas was described in the census as an Agricultural Labourer.[4] As such, he would have been a wage earner and low in the social order; he did not own land and did not have the right to vote.[5],[6]

Being only 5 years old when he left England, Charles probably had only dim memories of his life there. He came of age while the family was living in Ohio. The History of Porter County, with a mix of fact and fabrication, tells us,

Throughout the years of his boyhood Charles Casbon was familiar with that old and trusted periodical journal, the New York Tribune, which regularly found its way to the home and was read more or less by all members of the household. Its great editor of the time, Horace Greeley, the author of the exhortation, “Go west, young man, and grow up with the country,” frequently wrote and edited the news with that sentence as his text.

It was partly with the inspiration derived from the Tribune, and also from the spirit of pioneering which had possessed his father before him, that caused Charles Casbon on arriving at his majority to start for the west. In company with a friend, George Bittner, in March, 1862, he arrived at Valparaiso, a small place at that time, where he paused in his journey and in this vicinity has remained ever since, to his own profit and to the benefit of the community.[7]

In this rosy description, the facts that are most likely accurate are the name of his travel companion and the approximate date of his travel to Indiana (see “Why Indiana?”). The author/editor of the biography likely embellished the story to make it more interesting for readers.

We are told that “on December 31, 1868, he returned to his Ohio home and there married Miss Mary E. [Mc]Marrell, who has been his companion on the road of life for nearly forty-five years.”[8]

Charles C Mary McMarrell marriage
Marriage record of Charles and Mary McMarrell, Holmes County, Ohio, 30 December, 1868.[9]
(Click on image to enlarge)

Mary was 4 years Charles’ junior. They grew up on nearby farms, both being listed in Washington Township, Holmes County, Ohio, in the 1860 census.[10],[11] Were they sweethearts before he left for Indiana in 1862, Charles age 21 and Mary 17, or did they become close on subsequent family visits to Ohio? Before his marriage, Charles “worked among the farmers, then rented a farm and cultivated it on shares.”[12] After returning to Indiana with his bride,

Mr. Casbon bought a little farm of forty acres, paying a hundred and fifty dollars in cash and going in debt for the remainder. A little log cabin and a pole stable constituted the chief improvements, and in this humble home the young people, with willing industry and the hope and enthusiasm characteristic of youth, began their career in Porter county.[13]

This land purchase was probably the one recorded January 13, 1871, in which Charles bought the SW ¼ of the SW ¼ of Section 13, Township 34, range 6 from his father Thomas for $1,000.[14] Charles’ small farm can be seen in this 1876 plat map of Porter township.[15]

1876 Casbon land closeup Porter twp
Detail from 1876 plat map of Porter township, Porter county, Indiana,
showing property belonging to Thomas, Charles, and Jesse Casbon.
(Click on image to enlarge)

“Four children were born to them: Lillie, who died at the age of one year, Lodema, Sina and Lawrence.”[16] We have met Lawrence and Sina previously in this blog (see “Lawrence J Goes Transcontinental” and “Cousins”). Lillie May was born in 1870 and died September 9, 1871. [17] Lodema Evaline was born October 24, 1871; Sina Jane, March 27, 1873; and Lawrence John August 26, 1875.[18],[19],[20]

Charles T Casbon Mary Elizabeth Marrell Casbon Sin
Family portrait, probably taken mid- to late 1890s. Front, L to R: Charles & Mary;
Back, L to R: Lodema, Lawrence, and Sina. Photo courtesy of Ron Casbon.
(Click on image to enlarge)

Charles continued to expand his landholdings, apparently doing well enough at farming that he was able to retire and move into town (Valparaiso) in 1903.[21]

The History of Porter County includes this lovely detail about Mary’s travels:

From August to October [year not given] Mrs. Casbon visited the beautiful scenery of Yellowstone Park, also San Francisco, Los Angeles, Pasadena, Catalina Island, then Camp Meeker, Seattle, Washington, Spokane Falls, Salt Lake City (where she visited the great Mormon Temple) and finally Denver, Colorado.[22]

One wonders why Charles did not accompany her. Perhaps his health did not allow it at this point in his life. Charles biography also gives us this photograph of Charles and Mary (and probably Sina) in front of their Valparaiso home at 203 Monroe Street.[23]

Charles T Casbon House Valpraiso Indiana
L to R: Mary, Charles, and (probably) Sina, about 1912. The original home is no longer standing.
(Click on image to enlarge)

The final words about Charles in the Porter County history are these:

Though always a busy man during his residence in the country, he had the welfare of the community at heart, and for a number of years filled the office of supervisor of his township. In politics he is a Democrat, and takes a broad-minded view of the social and political problems both at home and at the nation at large. He and his wife are members and liberal supporters of the Christian church of Valparaiso.[24]

Charles passed away in Valparaiso October 26, 1915 at the age of 74.[25] Mary survived him by another 12 years, passing away February 26, 1928 at the age of 83.[26] Both are buried at Maplewood Cemetery, in Valparaiso. Their only living descendants are through their daughter Lodema, who married Hiram Church in 1890.[27]

[1] “Charles Thomas Casbon,” History of Porter County, Indiana : a narrative account of its historical progress, its people and its principal interests (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1912), 2: pp. 459–61; online image, Hathi Trust Digital Library (https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89067919191;view=1up;seq=115 : accessed 6 June 2017).
[2] “Parish registers for Meldreth (Cambridgeshire), 1681-1877,” Baptisms 1813-67, p. 54, Thomas Charles Casbon, 20 Dec 1840; digital images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/210742?availability=Family%20History%20Library : accessed 28 April 2017); citing Family HIstory Library (FHL) microfilm 1,040,542, item 5. (image viewable when using the site at a family history center)
[3] “Charles Thomas Casbon,” 2: p. 459.
[4] “England and Wales Census, 1841,” database with images, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=gbc%2f1841%2f0063%2f0285&parentid=gbc%2f1841%2f0000942060&highlights=%22%22 : accessed 13 May 2016), entry for Thomas Casbon (age 35), Meldreth, Cambridgeshire; citing The National Archives, HO 107, piece 63, book 18, folio 4, p. 3, lines 21-5.
[5] “Agriculture and the Labourer,” Cambridgeshire History (http://www.cambridgeshirehistory.com/People/agriculturallabourers.html : accessed 5 January 2017).
[6] “Elections in the United Kingdom,” Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elections_in_the_United_Kingdom#History : accessed 6 June 2017), rev. 20 May 17, 23:15.
[7] “Charles Thomas Casbon,” 2: p. 460.
[8] “Charles Thomas Casbon,” 2: p. 460.
[9] “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2013,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:939K-BJ95-ZK?i=34&cc=1614804 : accessed 21 July 2016), Charles Casbon & Mary E. McMarrell, 30 Dec 1868; citing Holmes County Courthouse, “Marriage Record No. 5, p. 5.
[10] 1860 U.S. census, Holmes County, Ohio, population schedule, Washington township, p. 223, dwelling 1524, family 1526, Thomas Casbon; image, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9BSH-967D?cc=1473181&wc=7QGH-1SP%3A1589432777%2C1589423732%2C1589422406 : accessed 23 October 2015); citing NARA microfilm publication M653 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
[11] 1860 U.S. census, Holmes County, Ohio, population schedule, Washington township, pp. 225–6, dwelling 1569, family 1571, Laurence McMurrell; image, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9BSH-9DR5?cc=1473181&wc=7QGH-1SP%3A1589432777%2C1589423732%2C1589422406 : accessed 22 August 2016).
[12] “Charles Thomas Casbon,” 2: p. 460.
[13] “Charles Thomas Casbon,” 2: p. 460.
[14] Porter, Indiana “Deed Index 5 Grantor, Jul 1868–Feb 1876” Casbon Thos to Casbon Chas., 13 Jan 1871; FHL microfilm 1,703,896; citing Recorder’s Office, Porter, Indiana.
[15] “Porter,” Illustrated historical atlas of Porter County, Indiana (Valparaiso, Ind. : A.G. Hardesty, 1876), p. 39; online image, Library of Congress (https://www.loc.gov/resource/g4093pm.gla00036/?sp=28 : accessed 19 August 2016).
[16] “Charles Thomas Casbon,” 2: p. 460.
[17] “Find A Grave Index,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:QVVV-2HRN : accessed 22 August 2016), Lillie May Casbon, 1871; Burial, , Porter, Indiana, United States of America, Merriman Cemetery; citing record ID 19252732, Find a Grave, http://www.findagrave.com.
[18] “Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011,” Valparaiso, Porter, reg. 24673, Lodema E Church (b. 24 Oct 1871); database with images, Ancestry Library Edition (accessed through participating libraries : accessed 24 August 2016); citing Indiana State Board of Health, Death Certificates, 1900–2011, microfilm, Indiana Archives and Records Administration, Indianapolis, Indiana.
[19] “To Hold Rites for Mrs. Sina Smith Saturday Afternoon,” The (Valparaiso, Indiana) Vidette-Messenger, 10 Apr 1952, p. 6, col. 4; database and images, Newspaper Archive (accessed through participating libraries : accessed 12 April 2016).
[20] “World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards,” Lawrence John Casbon, 1917-1918; database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KZ2T-BTH : accessed 22 August 2016),; citing St. Joseph County, Indiana, United States, NARA microfilm publication M1509 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.); FHL microfilm 1,653,193.
[21] “Charles Thomas Casbon,” 2: p. 461.
[22] “Charles Thomas Casbon,” 2: p. 461.
[23] “Residence of Mr. and Mrs. Charles T. Casbon,” History of Porter County, Indiana, 2: p. 458; online image, Hathi Trust Digital Library (https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89067919191;view=1up;seq=114 : accessed 6 June 2017).
[24] “Charles Thomas Casbon,” 2: p. 461.
[25] “Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011,” Valparaiso, Porter, reg. 215, Charles T. Casbon (b. 6 Nov 1840); database with images, Ancestry Library Edition (accessed 24 August 2016).
[26] “Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899-2011,” Valparaiso, Porter, reg. 6509, Mary E. Casbon (b. 10 Dec 1844 database with images, Ancestry Library Edition (accessed 24 August 2016).
[27] “Indiana Marriages, 1811-2007,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GTML-57?i=111&cc=1410397 : accesed 22 August 2016), Hiram Church & Lodema Casbon, 26 Feb 1890; citing Porter County Circuit Court Clerk, “Marriage Record 9, May 1889–Oct 1892,” p. 149.

A Family Outing

I am grateful to Tony Casbon of Peterborough for sharing some of his old family photos. Photographs help to connect us to the past and give glimpses into the lives of our ancestors. They also provide evidence of significant events, dates, places and relationships. Sometimes old photos can present challenges – where and when were they taken? Who are the people in the photo?

CA Casbon family outing
Charles Arthur Casbon and family, date and location unknown. Photo courtesy of Tony Casbon.
Labels added by Jon Casbon. (Click on image to enlarge)

This is a nice casual snapshot of a family outing. It looks like they didn’t even stop walking to pose while the photo was taken. The location is not identified, but there is obviously a wide paved public walkway with some kind of embankment on the right side. Is it a public park? The beach? What time of year is it? Even though the boys are wearing shorts, they also have on pullovers. The couple on the right are wearing heavy overcoats, so I suspect it is a fairly cool day.

Madge is carrying a bucket with what looks like the makings of a picnic, and the boy on the right is carrying a kite and a toy sailboat. Wherever they are headed, it looks like they will have a good time.

I really like the facial expressions. Madge and Charles Arthur are clearly enjoying themselves. Eliza appears to be smiling. The boy on the right looks uncertain.

The email that came with this photo identifies the people as follows: “back left: Eliza Kate Harvey; back right: Charles Arthur Casbon holding Reg Casbon; front right: Joseph Arthur Casbon; middle: Marjorie (known as Madge) Casbon; front left: Bill Casbon.”

This cannot be entirely correct, based on the birth order and the apparent ages of the children. The genealogical records can help us to more accurately identify the family members and attach an approximate date to the photo. So, let’s take a closer look at this family, beginning with father Charles.

Charles Arthur Casbon, was born December, 1880, the son of Thomas (1854–­1910) and Elizabeth (Pettifor) (1856–1906) Casbon.[1],[2] His father was the fourth generation of gardeners from the Peterborough area, whom we met previously in “How doth your garden grow, Part 3.”

Unlike his father, Charles took up the profession of baking. He placed this advertisement in July, 1911.[3]

CA Casbon Bakery Add 1911
Advertisement from The Peterborough Advertiser, 1 July 1911. (Click on image to enlarge)

Charles married Grace Parker in 1903, and they had a son, Frank Dennis in 1908.[4],[5] Grace died in 1912.[6]

Charles remarried in September, 1915, this time to Eliza Kate Harvey.[7] Charles and Eliza had the following children:

John William (“Bill”), b. 2 Nov 1916.[8]
Marjorie Elizabeth (“Madge”), b. 11 Nov 1919.[9]
Joseph Arthur (“Arthur”), b. 24 Jul 1921.[10]
Leslie David, b. 28 Apr 1923.[11]
Joyce Gwenneth, b. 31 Oct 1927 and died 11 Aug 1928.[12],[13]
Ronald Eric (“Reg”), b. 4 Jul 1929.[14]

Eliza died in 1932; Charles then married Ethel Wright in December, 1933.[15],[16] Charles and Ethel did not have children. Charles died 1945 and Ethel in 1976, both in Sheffield.[17],[18]

Returning to the photo, the only child I can identify with certainty is Madge, since the other daughter, Joyce, died before she was 10 months old. The baby and the boy on the left are clearly younger than Joyce.

Of the six children born to Charles and Eliza, four were younger than Madge. Based on birth order alone, this leaves three possibilities for the identities of the two youngest children in the photo (from oldest to youngest): Leslie and Reg (because Joyce would have been deceased by the time Reg was born), Leslie and Joyce (if the photo was taken before she died), and Arthur and Leslie.

We can narrow it down more by estimating the ages of the children. I’m guessing that the baby is between 6 and 15 months old; the boy on the left about 3–4 years old. I’m less sure of the others – maybe Madge is 6–8. The boy on the right looks a little older than Madge, maybe 10, but I’m not sure. If older, he would be Bill; if younger, Arthur. What do you think?

If the baby is Reg, then the boy on the left would be Leslie – 6 years and 2 months older than Reg. That means he have to be close to 7 years old. That doesn’t look possible to me, so I think we can exclude Reg as the youngest child in the picture.

What about Joyce? If she is the baby, she would have to be less than 10 months old. Based on apparent age, this could be Joyce. She would have died soon after the photo was taken. If it is Joyce, then the boy on the left would be Leslie, about 4 years and 6 months older. This would make him about 5 years old in the photo. Madge would be about 8 ½years old. The boy on the right could be either Arthur, age 7, or Bill, about 11 ½ years old. These ages don’t quite seem to match the apparent ages either.

The only other possibility is that the baby is Leslie. If so, Arthur, about 3 years old, is on the left. Madge would be about 4 ½, and Bill about 7 ½. Madge and the boy on the right look a little older than this to me, but this still seems like the best “fit” to me?

So, based on apparent ages, my best guess is that the baby is Leslie, and the boy on the left is Arthur. This would mean the boy on the right is Bill. What do you think?

If I’m correct, then the photo would have been taken in late 1923 or early 1924. If I’m wrong and the baby is Joyce, the date of the photo would be summer, 1928.

Tony Casbon also sent this photo, in which the children are easier to identify.

Madge, Arthur, Leslie, Reg 2x cropped
Photo courtesy of Tony Casbon. Labels added by Jon Casbon. (Click on image to enlarge)

The email with this photo identified the children as follows: “Left Side: Joseph Arthur Casbon (known as Arthur); Back Middle: Margaret Casbon (known as Madge); Right Side: Leslie Casbon; Front Middle: Eric Casbon (known as Reg).”

I think the names for the right and left are reversed (or is the scanned photo reversed?), since the boy on the right is clearly older than the boy on the left. Madge is clearly older than in the previous photo. Assuming the baby is Reg, he looks to be about 2 years old. This would make Leslie about 8; Arthur about 10; and Madge almost 12. The date of the photo must be about 1931. I think this photo also supports my guess of the children’s identities in the earlier photograph. Arthur looks about the same age in this photo as the older boy in the earlier photo, so they can’t be the same person.

I’m fortunate to also have a photo of Madge and Reg taken in the early 1990s when my parents met them on a visit to England.

Harry Field LC Madge C Reggie C
Standing: left, Harry Field; right, Lew Casbon. Sitting: left, Madge (Casbon) Field; right, Reg Casbon.
Photo courtesy of Lewis Casbon. (Click on image to enlarge)

All of Charles’ and Eliza’s children are deceased now. Bill passed in 1983, Madge in 2002, Arthur in 1996, Leslie in 1987, and Reg in 2016.[19],[20],[21],[22],[23] Charles’ son Frank, from his first marriage to Grace, died in 1966.[24] Many of today’s living Casbons can claim their ancestry from Charles Arthur Casbon and his children. Are you one of them? Feel free to leave a comment!

Update June 6, 2017

Tony Casbon has clarified that in the photo at the top, the boy on Madge’s left is his father (Joseph) Arthur. That would make the baby Reg and the boy on the left Leslie. Apparently my ability to guess children’s ages needs a little work!

[1] “England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008,” Peterborough, Northamptonshire, vol. 3B: 246, line 206; database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:2XV7-CM1 : accessed 28 September 2015), Charles Arthur Casbon, 1st quarter, 1881. (The birth was registered in early 1881, but weight of evidence suggests he was born in December of 1880)
[2] 1939 Register, Sheffield C.B., Yorkshire (West Riding); online database with images, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=tna%2fr39%2f3533%2f3533c%2f002%2f33 : accessed 10 March 2017), entry for entry for Arthur Casbon (born 14 Dec 1881); citing [The National Archives], ref. RG101/3533C/002/33 Letter Code: KILE.
[3] “Public Notices … The Bakery, Eastgate, Peterborough,” The Peterborough (Northamptonshire, England) Advertiser and Midland Times, 1 Jul 1911, p. 5, col. 3; online archive and images, “British Newspapers 1710-1953,” findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/bna/ViewArticle?id=BL%2F0001629%2F19110701%2F183%2F0005&browse=true : accessed 26 November 2015).
[4] “England & Wales Marriages 1837-2008,” Peterborough, Northamptonshire, vol. 3B: 568; database, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fm%2f1903%2f3%2faz%2f000066%2f033 : accessed 23 May 2017), Charles Arthur Casbon, 3d quarter, 1903; citing Marriage, Peterborough, General Register Office, Southport.
[5] “England & Wales births 1837-2006,” Peterborough, Northamptonshire, vol. 3B: 223; database, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fb%2f1908%2f1%2faz%2f000103%2f358 : accessed 23 May 2017), Frank Dennis Casbon, 1st quarter, 1908; citing Birth Registration, Peterborough, citing General Register Office, Southport.
[6] “England & Wales Deaths 1837-2007,” Peterborough, Northamptonshire, vol. 3B: 259; database, findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fd%2f1912%2f4%2faz%2f000131%2f040 : accessed 23 May 2017), Grace Casbon (age 35), 4th quarter, 1912; citing Death, Peterborough, General Register Office, Southport.
[7] “England & Wales Marriages 1837-2008,” Bourne, Lincolnshire, vol. 7A: 1098; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fm%2f1915%2f3%2faz%2f000238%2f011 : accessed 23 May 2017), Charles A Casbon & Eliza Kate Harvey, 3d quarter, 1915.
[8] “England & Wales births 1837-2006,” Peterborough, vol. 3B: 350; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fb%2f1916%2f4%2faz%2f000212%2f050 : accessed 23 May 2017), John W. Casbon, 4th quarter 1916, (mother’s maiden name Harvey).
[9] “England & Wales births 1837-2006,” Spalding, Lincolnshire, vol. 7A: 700; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fb%2f1919%2f4%2faz%2f000252%2f016 : accessed 23 May 2017), Marjorie E Casbon, 4th quarter, 1919; citing Birth Registration, Spalding, citing General Register Office, Southport.
[10] “England & Wales births 1837-2006,” Wortley, Yorkshire, England, vol. 9C, p. 679; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fb%2f1921%2f3%2faz%2f000243%2f009 : accessed 9 March 2017), Joseph A Casbon, 3d quarter 1921; citing Birth Registration, Wortley, citing General Register Office, Southport.
[11] “England & Wales births 1837-2006,” Sheffield, Yorkshire, vol. 9C: 1071; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fb%2f1923%2f2%2faz%2f000229%2f006 : accessed 23 May 2017), Leslie D Casbon, 2d quarter, 1923; citing Birth Registration, Sheffield, citing General Register Office, Southport.
[12] “England & Wales births 1837-2006,” Sheffield, Yorkshire, vol. 9C: 876; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fb%2f1927%2f4%2faz%2f000182%2f135 : accessed 23 May 2017), Joyce G Casbon, 4th quarter, 1927; citing Birth Registration, Sheffield, citing General Register Office, Southport.
[13] “England & Wales Deaths 1837-2007,” Ecclesall Bierlow, Yorkshire, vol. 9C: 307; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fd%2f1928%2f3%2faz%2f000122%2f027 : accessed 23 May 2017), Joyce G Casbon (age 0), 3d quarter, 1928; citing Death, Ecclesall Bierlow, General Register Office, Southport.
[14] “England & Wales births 1837-2006,” Sheffield, Yorkshire, vol. 9C, p. 919; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fb%2f1929%2f2%2faz%2f000201%2f013 : accessed 10 March 2017), Ronald E Casbon, 2d quarter, 1929; citing Birth Registration, Sheffield, citing General Register Office, Southport.
[15] “England & Wales Deaths 1837-2007,” Sheffield, Yorkshire, vol. 9C: 626; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fd%2f1932%2f2%2faz%2f000144%2f094 : accessed 24 May 2017), Eliza K Casbon (age 43), 2d quarter, 1932; citing Death, Sheffield, General Register Office, Southport.
[16] “England & Wales Marriages 1837-2008,” Wortley, Yorkshire, vol. 9C: 751; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fm%2f1933%2f4%2faz%2f000198%2f138 : accessed 24 May 2017), Charles A Casbon & Ethel Wright; citing Marriage Registration, Wortley, General Register Office, Southport.
[17] “England & Wales Deaths 1837-2007,” Sheffield, Yorkshire, vol. 9C: 292; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fd%2f1945%2f3%2faz%2f000125%2f008 : accessed 24 May 2017), Charles A Casbon (age 64), 3d quarter, 1945; citing Death, Sheffield, General Register Office, Southport.
[18] “England & Wales Deaths 1837-2007,” Sheffield, Yorkshire, vol. 3: 1807; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fd%2f1976%2f1%2faz%2f000214%2f145 : accessed 24 May 2017), Ethel Casbon (born 13 Oct 1887); citing Death, Sheffield, General Record Office, Southport, England.
[19] “England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966, 1973-1995”; database and images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 February 2017), Casbon, John William, 19 Jul 1983; citing Principal Probate Registry, “Calendar of the Grants of Probate and Letters of Administration made in the Probate Registries of the High Court of Justice in England.”
[20] “England & Wales Deaths 1837-2007,” Barnsley, Yorkshire, district 0411C, register C38B, entry 162; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fd%2f2002%2f5%2f84910159 : accessed 30 May 2017), Marjorie Elizabeth Field (b. 11 Nov 1919), 2d quarter, 2002; citing Death, Yorkshire, citing General Register Office, Southport.
[21] “England & Wales Deaths 1837-2007,” Mansfield, Nottinghamshire, district 6871C, register C12D, entry 263; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fd%2f1996%2f6%2f81234501 : accessed 9 March 2017), Joseph Arthur Casbon (b. 24 Jul 1921), 2d quarter, 1996. citing Deaths, Yorkshire, General Register Office, Southport.
[22] “England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966, 1973-1995”; Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 February 2017), Casbon, Leslie David, 16 Mar 1987; citing Principal Probate Registry.
[23] “Casbon” [obituary], n.d.; online archive, Grimsby (Lincolnshire, England) Telegraph (http://www.family-announcements.co.uk/grimsby/view/4012501/casbon : accessed 20 September 2016). (Originally printed on February 25, 2016 in the Grimsby and Scunthorpe Telegraph)
[24] “England & Wales Deaths 1837-2007,” Peterborough, Northamptonshire, vol. 4B: 541; findmypast (http://search.findmypast.com/record?id=bmd%2fd%2f1966%2f1%2faz%2f000184%2f042 : accessed 30 May 2017), Frank D Casbon (age 58), 1st quarter, 1966; citing Death, Peterborough, citing General Register Office, Southport.